, 2015; Cardoso and you will Souza, 2016; Santiago and Saliba, 2016; dos Santos and you will Jalalzai, 2021). In this functions we’ll focus on misogyny as acknowledged by our very own interviewees in the context of Rousseff’s 6 many years when you look at the energy, particularly focusing on the relationship ranging from misogynistic backlash and gendered double bind dynamics understood. Regarding the after the area we provide a nuanced definition to have each one of the subcategories known (look for Dining table 2), taking stay-by yourself significance and you will examples on the research along side detailed analyses of key times for the Rousseff’s presidency you to definitely exemplify brand new active between all of our nuanced suggestion to have considering new gendered twice join, misogynist backlash, and its own impacts on Rousseff’s presidency.
Brand new four subcategories known appeared in the data at the differing membership (come across Tables step 3, 4). A couple of templates starred in highest ratio: Comparison so you can Dudes and you can Misogynyments styled as the research to help you guys looked from inside the nearly 50 % of all interview and you will depicted thirty six % out of every statements codifiedments themed since misogyny was basically most comments (38 %) and you will appeared in 44 % of all interviews. Simply put, interviewees was in fact most aware away from Rousseff’s part as chairman in comparison to other male people in politics and previous presidents, while the suggests Rousseff try penalized throughout her management because of gendered expectation and you will backlash.
When you find yourself lookin which have shorter frequency on the interviews, one other a couple of themes give essential framework to facts you are able to sexist backlash during the presidency from Brazil’s basic lady president. Talks precisely how Rousseff made an effort to adhere to gendered requirement ascribed in order to feminine (Complying on Double Join) starred in more than 10 percent of one’s opinion coded and you may interview held. At the same time, dialogue about how precisely Rousseff challenged new gendered expectations of their status (Problematic the latest Twice Bind) appeared in more you to definitely fifth of all of the interview, constituting sixteen % of all of the comments coded.
Brand new dysfunction of your own mathematical density of one’s thematic investigation brings a kick off point so you’re able to good qualitative analysis of each and every motif, concentrating on the partnership anywhere between each motif, particularly the partnership between the around three themes really pertaining to the new gendered twice join (review, complying, and you will tricky) in addition to misogynistic backlash one observed.
Review to men
Among the many subcategories understood try contrasting away from Dilma Rousseff to help you men, both researching Rousseff so you can male political figures and you may outlining exactly how some thing would-be more if the Rousseff was in fact a man. Hence, we learned that there was both an abstract parts and you will important element of their investigations to dudes. From inside the a conceptual feel, we often spotted the term, “if the she was a guy” to explain how a situation will have played out in another way got Dilma maybe not become a female. This new story illustrated in our interviews is off a network that “prefers men” (Respondent 88, ), having “no discover gender discrimination, although proven fact that [an effective politician] are a man are a plus” (Respondent 8, ). Whenever discussing that it testing way more concretely, discover a watch Rousseff’s rough identity, the newest “hard woman doing tender dudes.” Brand new quote below provides way more perspective:
Conversations on the Rousseff’s impeachment and the sexism and you will misogyny behind the new process had been talked about when you look bra webbplats at the preferred mass media (Hao, 2016; Hertzman, 2016; Romero and you will Kaiser, 2016) plus in scholarly functions (Zdebskyi ainsi que al
Sure, as well as asserted that she are a hard people, that she couldn’t correspond with anyone, one to she got an enthusiastic authoritarian way of talking. Exactly what for men appears as a go with “zero, he is a difficult individual, a home-convinced individual that knows what he desires.” In order to their particular try displayed since bad “no, she cannot understand how to speak, she is tough, this woman is which” for the a bad ways. How they talk to united states, women. I have achieved a specific standing, we’re being harsh, we are deviating of so you’re able to how to be a lady, who is nice, transparent, quiet and you can for example. The form of Dilma being ‘s the particular women who have the ability to end up being good inside a completely patriarchal community, up against this purchase that is obtainable (Respondent 79, ).